Pakistan has been frequently experiencing devastating floods in the past. The 2010 floods were worst ever riverine floods in the history of Pakistan, when floods caused over 1985 deaths, affected about 20 million populations, 1.60 million houses were damaged/destroyed, 17,553 villages and land area of around 160,000 Sq.km was affected.
After the large scale damages as a result of 2010 floods followed by 2011 & 2012-floods/rains, the need for investment in flood sector gained importance. Keeping in view recent challenges including Climate Change, Federal Flood Commission started working on formulation of National Flood Protection Plan-IV (NFPP-IV). For that purpose, consultants (M/s NESPAK) were engaged in May 2013 through World Bank Funded Water Sector Capacity Building & Advisory Services Project (WCAP) for preparation of NFPP-IV for next ten years’ period.
NFPP-IV had been prepared in close consultation with all stakeholders at Federal and Provincial Governments level. The draft final version of NFPP-IV was submitted by the consultants to FFC in May 2015. Through consultative process based on a series of meetings with all the federal and provincial stakeholders, the final draft version of NFPP-IV costing Rs 332,246 million was submitted to the Council of Common Interest (CCI) for approval on 29th February 2016. NFPP-IV remained under an extensive deliberation process during the four (4) meetings of CCI held on 29th February 2016, 25th March 2016 & 16th December 2016. It was finally approved in its 31st meeting held on 2nd May 2017. The following decision was taken:
“The CCI approved the proposed NFPP-IV (2015-25) and decided that the Financing of NFPP-IV would be made by the Federal and Provincial Governments @ 50:50. The provinces will decide their respective share of contribution amongst themselves and report to the Federal Government”.
In compliance to CCI’s above decision & to ensure commencement of work without any delay, FFC organized a joint meeting of concerned Federal and Provincial level organizations on 1st June 2017 to review priority of projects for implementation of NFPP-IV and their inclusion in Umbrella PC-I. The draft umbrella PC-I of NFPP-IV was submitted by the Consultants to FFC on 28th July 2017. FFC conveyed to consultants detailed comments on draft umbrella PC-I on 17th August 2017. A meeting of consultants & FFC was organized on 12th September 2017 in office of CEA/CFFC to review the draft umbrella PC-I of NFPP-IV in the light of observations of FFC. The draft umbrella PC-I of NFPP-IV remained under extensive review for its refinement by the consultants in consultation with FFC’s Officers.
The modified umbrella PC-I of NFPP-IV was considered and cleared by Scrutinizing Committee of FFC in its meeting of 15th December 2017 subject to certain observations. The updated umbrella PC-I was submitted by the consultants to FFC on 28th February 2018, which was circulated among the Irrigation Departments of the four provinces on the same day for getting its clearance from PDWP.
The umbrella PC-I of NFPP-IV was cleared by the PDWP’s of Governments of Sindh, Balochistan, Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa on 6th April 2018, 8th May 2018, 12th June 2018 and 10th August 2018 respectively. The finalized version of umbrella PC-I was submitted to Ministry of Water Resources on 16th November 2018. Ministry of Water Resources had submitted the same to Ministry of Planning, Development & Reforms on 11th January 2019. The umbrella PC-I is planned to be approved from CDWP/ECNEC shortly. The details of all the works proposed to be carried out under NFPP-IV are given below in Table-1.
Break up of Cost of NFPP-IV: Component Wise
Phase-I and Phase-II
Ph.-I + Ph.-II
|I. Structural Measures|
|1.||Construction of Proposed Flood Protection Works.||91,394||100,886||192,280|
|2.||Flood Management Structures Across Hill Torrents and Flood Generating Nullahs.||23,622||29,720||53,342|
|3.||Remodeling & Proper Maintenance of Drainage System in Lower Indus.||9,763||–||9,763|
|4.||Coastal Flood Protection Works.||1,622||–||1,622|
|5.||Flood Mitigation, Channelization and Execution of the Lai Nullah Project.||16,000||–||16,000|
|6.||Provision of Annual Funds under Provincial ADPs for Flood Fighting Activities during Flood Season and Procurement & Repair of Flood Fighting Equipment & Machinery under PIDs.||5,000||–||5,000|
|II. Non-Structural Measures/Upgradation of Flood
Forecasting and Warning System
|1.||Up-gradation/replacement& Expansion in Existing Flood Forecasting and Warning System of PMD.||4,505||9,495||14,000|
|2.||Up-gradation, Installation and Expansion in Existing Gauging System of WAPDA.||2,297||–||2,297|
|3.||Study to be Conducted for Removal of Encroachments in major Rivers & Hill Torrents and Procurement of LiDAR’s.||750||–||750|
|4.||Study and Implementation Cost for Development of Watershed Management in Upper Catchment Areas of Rivers & Hill Torrents.||4,500||–||4,500|
|5.||Disaster Management Activities by NDMA, Rescue and Relief.||6,500||11,820||18,320|
|6.||Capacity Building for All Institutions Dealing with Flood Management in the Country.||1,380||–||1,380|
|III. Technical / Feasibility Studies, Design, Monitoring
and supervision of Structural and non-Structural
|1.||Feasibility, Detailed Design Studies of Barrages/Bridges & sub-projects and physical model testing||4,000||–||4,000|
|2.||Physical Hydraulic Model Study for Major Railway Bridges and Improvements of Existing Flood Protection Facilities of Pakistan Railway.||450||–||450|
|3.||Measures for GLOFs & Land Sliding in Hilly Areas.||1,000||–||1,000|
|4.||Feasibility/Technical Studies for Ramsar Sites.||30||–||30|
|5.||Study for Drought Management||50||–||50|
|6.||Studies for Proper Town Planning in Future and Improving the Existing Storm Drainage System of Urban Areas.||1,000||–||1,000|
|7.||Monitoring of flood protection & hill torrents works, Third party validation, PIU, and Consultancy services||3,798||2,664||6,462|
Chief Engineering Adviser/Chairman Federal Flood Commission, Building No. 6, Ataturk Avenue, Sector G-5/1, Islamabad.
Tel : (+92) 51 9244616
Fax : (+92) 51 9244621
Visits since 2019